Alkaline Water Benefits, Risks and How To Make Them [Infographic]

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If you are aware of news about water filtration, you probably heard a lot of people promoting alkaline water. It cost a few thousand of dollars to own a Kengen Water Ionizer machine.

Bottle of alkaline water always cost more than the natural spring water in store. 

What is so good about alkaline water? Why everyone is paying good money just to get a sip of it?

In this post, we will explore everything that you should know about alkaline water including its benefits, side effects and how to make it at home. 

The information in this article was gathered based on existing papers, research, other articles in the web. Some of the benefits, risks, and information of alkaline water were neither tested nor scientifically proven by us.


1. What Is Alkaline Water? 
2. Types Of Alkalinization
3. Minerals That Contribute To Alkaline Water
4. Alkaline Water Benefits
5. Potential Risk For Alkaline Water
6. How To Make Alkaline Water
7. Key Takeaway & Infographic

What Is Alkaline Water? 

In layman terms, alkaline water is defined as water which is having pH above 7.  Some examples of liquid which has alkaline characteristics are sea water, baking and bleach. 

Typically, the general guideline for drinkable alkaline water is between 7-8.5 as suggested by EPA. There is even an experiment carried out on the impact of alkaline water with the pH of 9.3 on hydration.

There isn’t a recommended amount of alkaline water or a “magical” pH to be consumed daily as it varies according to individuals. Factors such as age, sex, mass, body and others may determine the amount of alkaline water that you can drink daily.

Apart from pH, alkaline water has a low or negative Oxidation Reduction Potential, also known as ORP. ORP is a measurement which indicates whether a substance is a reducing or oxidation agent. 

Alkaline water is a reducing or anti-oxidation agent which donates electrons to unstable and harmful free radical and neutralize it. 

The pH scale below shows the common items in our lives which has different pH level.  

What Is Alkaline Water

Types Of Alkalinization

There are two separate ways to make to increase the pH of the normal tap water. 

Natural Alkalinization

Rainwater that passes through the ground and soil will pick up minerals naturally. Minerals such as calcium and magnesium will increase the pH of the tap water. 
Alkaline water filter normally contains natural stones which remineralized the water as it flow through the canister.

Unlike artificial alkalinization, the pH of the filtered water cannot be precisely produced as desire.

Artificial Alkalinization

Water is channeled to a simple filtration system before heading to the electrolysis chamber where the alteration of water molecules take place.

Scientifically, pH 7 water is derived from a balance of positive hydrogen ions (H+) and negative hydroxyl ions (OH-) ions. Alkaline water will have a greater concentration of OH- ions while acidic water will have more H+ ions.

The two electrolysis plates each attracts the amount of positive and negative ions will vary according to the pH that was set on the machine.

Type Of Alkalinization

Minerals That Contribute To Alkaline Water

In natural remineralization, there are a few minerals which will turn the normal tap water to alkaline water. These minerals are known to be beneficial to our body. 

1. Calcium

It is good for maintaining healthy bones and reduce the chances of osteoporosis. Dairy products such as milk and cheese is a good source of calcium which is encouraged to consume daily. According to Mayo Clinic, our heart, nerves, and muscles needed calcium to function properly.

2. Silica

Natural anti-inflammatory that helps to keep nails, teeth, and hair robust and healthy. According to Medical Medium, it is a bone-protecting and bone-building nutrient which can be part of the healing protocol for osteoporosis.

3. Potassium

Maintain consistent blood pressure and suppress effects on sodium. According to Medical News Today, it reduced the risk of strokes, reduces the formation of kidney stones and prevents the loss of muscle mass.

4. Magnesium

Besides bone formation, magnesium can help on diseases like diabetes, premenstrual health, anxiety relief and migraine headaches, as suggested in this article.

5. Bicarbonate

According to Healthline, Bicarbonate, also known as baking soda, could helped on acid reflux. In addition, it helps to relieve heartburn, indigestion and ulcer pain.

Artificial alkalinization doesn’t consists of healthy benefits as it is merely rely on altering the water molecules.

Minerals That Contribute To The Alkaline Water

Alkaline Water Benefits

There is not enough scientific evidences yet to support that alkaline water is beneficial to our body. However, there are various studies that had been conducted to test proof the claims.

On one research that was done on rats, alkaline water has an impact on weight loss as compared to a controlled rat which only expose to normal tap water.

Another studies suggested that alkaline diet with fruits and vegetables has some impact in reducing chronic disease when ageing.

Despite the limited research and studies, many advocates strongly believe in that alkaline water has a strong positive impact to humans. These includes:

1. Neutralize Body Acid

With the help of bicarbonate in the water, it helps to neutralize the acidic in our stomach and help to relieve heartburn. The food that was consumed daily, primarily fried food, are deemed to be acidic and are main contributors to heartburn.

2. Smoothen Nutrient Absorption

Alkaline water will help the probiotic bacteria to react and fight against the harmful bacteria. Once the probiotic bacteria succeeded, it will smoothen the absorption of nutrients in small intestines. 

3. Improve Water Taste

The taste of alkaline water is more refreshing with a slight sweetness as compared to tap water. It will enhance the flavour of tea and coffee by using alkaline water.

4. Antioxidant

Oxidation happens when a free radical will ‘steal’ an electron from our cells. Alkaline water is an antioxidant which donates an electron to harmful free radical. The prevention of free radical from stealing electron will reduces the risk of cancer.

5. Hyper-Hydration

An article shows that experiment result shows that alkaline water will significantly improve hydration status. Water retention was 16% higher if consume alkaline water after a 3 hour recovery period. Besides, it improves resting and exercise-acid based balance.

6. Immune System

The antioxidant agent and alkalinity of the water helps to increase the immune system to fight against bad bacteria.

7. Weight Loss

It was tested on rats As shown on the studies above, it has helps on weight loss.

8. Boost Metabolism

Due to easy absorption, it will increase metabolism by re-hydrating with alkaline water after workout.

Alkaline Water Benefits

Potential Risk For Alkaline Water 

Nothing is perfect, everything comes with a potential disadvantage or risk. Again, the risk was not scientifically proven. Here are some of the potential danger for drinking too much alkaline water.

1. Decrease Stomach Acidity

Overdose in alkaline water will neutralize the acidity in Rainwaterstomach. If the acidity is neutralized, bacteria such as pathogens will enter the bloodstream causing various illness such as diarrhea.

2. Gastrointestinal Issues

Mainly due to metabolic alkalosis issue which is the pH of tissue increased to more than normal range. It might causes illness such as tetany and abnormal heart rhythms.

Risks For Alkaline Water Overdose

How To Make Alkaline Water 

Alkaline water has been portrayed to be a premium choice for healthy drinking water. Bottled water and water ionizers are the best choice for all. However, it is unaffordable for many.

The diagram below shows 5 different methods that can be used to make alkaline water at home.

Baking Soda and Lemon For Alkaline Water

Baking soda and lemon are some of the household essential items which can turn regular tap water into alkaline water. They are easily accessible and affordable.

One of the major drawback is it required time for preparation to produce alkaline water.

pH Drop and Water Pitcher For Alkaline Water

pH drops and water pitchers are one of the best way to create alkaline water in an affordable way. It is fast and virtually doesn’t need any preparation ahead to enjoy a glass of alkaline water.

In addition, water pitcher will provide basic filtration of sediments and contaminants such as chlorine found on tap water.

Water Ionizer For Alkaline Water

Water ionizer is one of the most expensive option for producing alkaline water. A basic water ionizer cost at least $700.

However, the water produced by water ionizer do not include any minerals to the existing tap water. It uses electrolysis to alter the molecule content of water.

Key Takeaway & Infographic

Based on the facts listed above, it is clearly seen that the benefits of alkaline water outweigh its risks. Minerals in alkaline water are proven to be beneficial to our body.

Water Ionizer on the other hand, does not have the beneficial minerals as the alkalinization involves in altering the molecule structure.

It is RECOMMENDED to drink alkaline water in a natural way instead of from water ionizer.

Check out the complete infographics below:

Alkaline Water Benefits and Risks