What is exactly inside your crystal clear tap water? Some of the chemicals blend in quite well with water and it is hard to detect by naked eye.
After a thorough research, we have identified 13 water contaminants which are common yet harmful to humans. Overexposed to these contaminants will lead to serious consequences.
It is a natural metalloid component which often been picked up by groundwater from soil and rocks. It can cause cancer, skin problems and harms cardiovascular and nervous systems especially on young kids.
It is a combination of chlorine with ammonia which is used in water treatment plants to kill bacteria. Overexpose to chloramine will cause hemolytic anemia that reduces the red blood cell.
Water treatment plants often use fluoridation as part of their treatment process to remove virus and germs. Children are more susceptible to fluoride and cause a serious bone disorder.
It is a heavy metal component which often comes from old steel pipes. Lead poisoning will cause permanent damage to the nervous system, brain, kidney and bone marrow. Children and pregnant women will have the most risk if overexposed.
It is a natural material that combines with other components such as carbon to form an organic compound. Mercury can accumulate in our body and affects kidney functionality and ultimately causes cancer. Permanent brain damage will occur on developing a fetus.
Similar to Chloramine, Chlorine is used to prevent and kill the growth of bacteria. It is often used in treatment plants and swimming pool. Chlorine will cause skin irritation, dry out skin and asthmatic attack.
Volatile Organic Compound is normally released by industrial waste due to careless industrial practices. It can cause cancer, liver damage, respiratory irritation, nervous system damage, and blurred vision.
Bacteria and Virus
Especially in well water source, the microorganism such as E Coli, Giardia, and Cryptosporidium are the prime suspect for causes gastrointestinal illness, also known as diarrhea.
It is a silvery alkaline earth metal that causes water contamination due to drilling or industrial waste. The risk of overexposed includes difficult in breathing, increase blood pressure, brain swelling and damage to kidney and liver.
The source of contamination is mainly from copper plumbing materials due to corrosion. Potential risk includes liver poisoning, kidney failure, abdominal and muscle pain.
Human sewage and livestock manure are the main cause of water contamination for nitrate. This pollutants only affects infants under 6 months which leads to Methemoglobinemia, also known as blue baby syndrome.
It is a radiative decay from uranium which is found in soil and rocks when water flows through it. Due to the radiative characteristic, it will increase the risk of cancer.
Sediments such as rust and particles potentially will shorten the lifespan of appliances such as water heaters. On the other hand, it will affect the taste of the water which leads to children dislike drinking water.